Discrimination in Employment– Relevant Federal Laws
Discrimination in employment is prohibited by a series of federal laws. These laws are the following:
* Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as modified (frequently referred to as “Title VII”);
* Title I of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA);
* The Age Discrimination in Work Act of 1967, as modified (ADEA);
* The Equal Pay Act of 1963 (EPA);
* The Civil Rights Act of 1991 (frequently referred to as “CRA of 1991”); and
* Area 501 of the Rehab Act of 1973, as modified.
Title VII prohibits employers from discriminating on the basis of race, color, faith, sex, or national origin.
The ADA forbids companies from discriminating in work on the basis of special needs, in the public sector and in the private sector, however excludes the federal government.
The ADEA prohibits employers from discriminating against persons 40 years of age and older.
The EPA forbids employers from discriminating on the basis of gender in how they pay for considerably comparable work under similar conditions.
The CRA of 1991 provides for financial damages (consisting of punitive damages) in cases of intentional (willful) discrimination and clarifies provisions about diverse impact actions.
The Rehabilitation Act, Area 501, forbids discrimination in work against federal workers with impairments.
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) imposes the main federal statutes forbiding discrimination in work. The headquarters of the EEOC are located in Washington, D.C., and there are local offices and regional field workplaces throughout the nation. Examine telephone details under Federal government listings for a contact number, if you believe you might have been subjected to work discrimination.